Skip to main content

LISP List Processing Programming Language

LISP List Processing Programming Language



LISP List Processing Programming Language - LISP is a general purpose programming language accommodating powerful facilities for Symbol Manipulation. The LISP takes its name from "LIST Processor". Symbol Manipulation is something which is similar as working with words and sentences. Lisp is a family of computer programming language, which was designed in 1960 by John McCarthy at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). The Language was developed by Steve Russell, Timothy P Hart and Mike Levin. McCarthy published its design in a paper in communications of the ACM in 1960. Lisp is the second oldest High level Programming Language after FORTRAN. Many of the concepts are incorporated in Computer Science like Tree data structure, automatic storage management, dynamic typing, higher order functions, recursion etc.


What are the Application areas of LISP Programming?



  1. It is used in AutoCAD application

  2. It is used in Igor Engraver

  3. It is used in areas where rapid development of prototypes is required

  4. It is used in interactive command line, which are combined with IDE

  5. Used in Yahoo! Store Web Commerce Site.

  6. It is used in research development applications like Artificial Intelligence.



A LISP program uses symbolic expressions to ease the work with data and procedures. The syntax of LISP is relatively very simple. LISP is normally used as an interpreter. Lisp is closely related to Artificial Intelligence Research communities like PDS – 10 System. Lisp contains some tool which are capable to solve some the most difficult problems in the world of computing. Lisp is one of the most important programming language that is used in artificial intelligence. LISP List Processing Programming Language.


What are the Features of LISP Programming Language?



  1. Contain Built in Support for Lists

  2. It uses Dynamic Typing

  3. It uses uniform syntax through the program – Lisp contains data and codes which are represented uniformly.

  4. It consists of Standard Macros. In this language variable declaration is rare.

  5. It really works on Interactive environment. The feature of recursion make it most popular in Artificial Intelligence.

  6. LISP uses a very simple notation in which operators and their operands are given in a parenthesized list.

  7. List are surrounded by parenthesis. Ex – (), (()), ((a, b, c)) etc.

  8. The interchangeability of code and data promote lisp instantly recognizable syntax.



Some of the Versions of LISP Programming language - -



  1. LISP 1 – It was the first Implementation

  2. LISP 1.5 – It was the first widely distributed version of LISP.

  3. Stanford LISP – It was the successor of LISP 1.5, rendered by Maclisp and Interlisp.

  4. Many other versions was released after Standard LISP containing special features, these are MACLISP, InterLisp, Franz Lisp, Standard Lisp, Zeta Lisp, Common Lisp, Dylan, ANSI Common Lisp etc.

  5. Clojure – It is a recent Lisp version which compiles to the Java virtual Machine.




Popular posts from this blog

Fix Windows could not find a driver for your network adapter error

Fix Windows could not find a driver for your network adapter error


A Computer run smoothly with the coordination of Software & Hardware. In the absence of any one it will not run at all. Software being the Master utilizes each hardware attached to the System. And each hardware is operated with the help of Device Drivers installed in it. Operating System (OS) uses these device drivers to control & utilize each hardware when needed. Each hardware connected to the system must have their own Device Driver installed. A device driver is a program to initiate a hardware when required by Operating System.




Suppose, you want your PC to connect to the Network, it can only be possible when your PC has network related Device Driver. These Device Drivers are easily downloaded from Manufacturer Websites. In this article we focus on Network related problem. Suppose, your PC not obtaining Network connectivity. And each time you are getting an error message saying "Windows could not find a d…

Fix This Site Can’t Be Loaded from The Cache Chrome Error

Fix This Site Can't Be Loaded from The Cache Chrome Error


This Site Can’t Be Loaded from The Cache - Today, there are several browsers available with extensive features on it. Each browser has its own importance and working principle. Some of the popular browsers available online are Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, Opera Mini, Internet Explorer, UC Browser, Safari, Microsoft Edge, Swift fox etc. The popularity of these browsers depends upon the features available in it.

Among them Google Chrome is the newest and mostly used browser around the world. Holding lots of feature make it more complex and hence more prone to errors. The types of error come up with the level of complexity of the program. If you are Chrome user and facing one of such error then read the full article. In this article, we focus on an error saying "This site can't be loaded from the cache". The explanation included with this error will be "The saved (cached) copy of this site was unreadable&qu…

Change Facebook Profile Picture Leaving All Unknown

Change Facebook Profile Picture Leaving All Unknown


Change Facebook Profile Picture Leaving All Unknown - Today, we spend lots of time in Social media platforms such as WhatsApp, Facebook, Instagram, Skype, YouTube, Twitter etc. We love to share Images & Videos with our friends via these platforms. These applications are largely used on Smartphones. We need to download concerned apps from inbuilt software, Play Store in Android Platform.


After downloading the App, we create an ideal account with a profile picture. We join the network by sending friend request. When request is accepted, we are added to such a community. In this article we take a close look on Facebook. Facebook is vastly used all around the world. Two person residing miles away can also share their views easily.

Change Facebook Profile Picture Leaving All Unknown

Whenever we open Facebook, lots of Images & Videos are seen with gentle scroll. In this article we focus on an interesting thing say Profile Picture. In F…