Skip to main content

Artificial Neural Network Basic Concepts

Artificial Neural Network Basic Concepts

Artificial Neural Network Basic ConceptsDefinition of Artificial Neural Network Basic Concepts - An artificial neuron network (ANN) is a computing System model based on the structure and functions of biological neural networks. The system learn to do tasks without specific programming. The ANN is a collection or group of interconnected units called Artificial Neurons. The neurons are organised in layers. Each interconnection between neurons transmit a unidirectional signal with strength. If the combined incoming signals are strong, the receiving end neuron activate and propagate signal to the downstream neurons interconnected to it. The main moto of the neural network approach is to solve problems as human brain can do.

The inventor of the first neurocomputer was Dr. Robert Hecht-Nielsen, according to him "a computing system made up of a number of simple, highly interconnected processing elements, which process information by their dynamic state response to external inputs".

Types of Artificial Neural Networks (ANN)

There are two types of ANN model – Feed Forward and Feedback.

Feedforward ANN –

In this model, the information is flowing in unidirectional mode. The communication between transmitter and receiver is not maintained due to unidirectional propagation of information. These type of model is used in Pattern Generation, Recognition and Classification. There is no feedback loops exists in this type of model. This type of model have fixed inputs and outputs.

Feedback ANN – The looping is allowed in this model. The model also contain feedback loop which is helpful during content addressable memories use.

Application Areas of Artificial Neural Networks (ANN)

  1. Medical Areas− Cancer cell analysis, EEG and ECG analysis, transplant time optimizer and others.

  2. Electronics and Telecommunications areas− real-time spoken language translation, Image and data compression, automated information services, Code sequence prediction, IC chip layout, chip failure analysis, machine vision, voice synthesis.

  3. Speech recognition, speech classification, text to speech conversion.

  4. Time Series Prediction − ANNs are used to make predictions on stocks and natural calamities.

  5. Signal Processing − Neural networks can be trained to process an audio signal and filter it in the hearing aids.

  6. Software − Facial Pattern recognition, optical character recognition

  7. Financial aids – Exist as loan advisor, mortgage screening, corporate bond rating, portfolio trading program, corporate financial analysis, currency value prediction, document readers, credit application evaluators.

Limitation of Artificial Neural Network (ANN)

The Backpropagation Neural Network properties act like a black boxes. In fact the user has no other choice than to feed it input and await for output. The Network is also slower than other types of network which kill time of CPU.

Characteristics of Artificial Neural Networks (ANN)

  1. Choice of Model – simpler to complex.

  2. Robustness

  3. Learning & Simplified algorithms

This is all about Artificial Neural Network Basic Concepts, in next article we will discuss regarding another Network applications.

Popular posts from this blog

When Task Scheduler gets Infected by Malware

When Task Scheduler gets Infected by Malware

When Task Scheduler gets Infected by Malware - We are familiar with malware attacks on Computer. The hackers infect one or more files and thereby attaining full control on the System. There are millions of victims who had loosen either data or dollars in this respect. In this article we see a System file which is infected by these hackers at first stage. The System file infected by malware at first stage is Task Scheduler Engine (Taskeng.exe). The Task Scheduler Engine is a system file located in C:\Windows\System32 folder. This location is the default location for Taskeng.exe.

The Task Scheduler Engine is responsible for keeping track of tasks set to run at a time predefined by the user of the PC. As said earlier, the original location of this scheduler is C:\Windows\System32 folder. But it is suspicious if the location of scheduler gets change. If it is found in some other folder then it must be infectious. As a result, you constantly get a…

How to Project Android Phone Screen on Windows PC

How to Project Android Phone Screen on Windows PC

Project Android Phone Screen on Windows PC - Four out of Five of us have Smartphones in our Pocket. We spend lots of time on Smartphone utilities like Facebook, Twitter, WhatsApp, YouTube and other interesting Apps. These Smartphones are tremendously used due to Android Operating System installed in it. Android OS is one the successful mobile based OS running in the market.

On the Other side, Microsoft is emphasizing on features to ease Android user's connectivity with it. Microsoft has done lots of improvement for mobile utilities to the Windows 10 version 1809. With this upgradation, we can easily project Android phone screen on Windows PC. The extensive use of such features is seen on Digital Smart TVs Today. The introduction of Wi-Fi feature makes more reliable and user friendly.

So, if you are boredom with 5-6-inch Android Screen and want to mirror it on Computer screen, then read the full article to know the process, how to proj…

Fix Windows could not find a driver for your network adapter error

Fix Windows could not find a driver for your network adapter error

A Computer run smoothly with the coordination of Software & Hardware. In the absence of any one it will not run at all. Software being the Master utilizes each hardware attached to the System. And each hardware is operated with the help of Device Drivers installed in it. Operating System (OS) uses these device drivers to control & utilize each hardware when needed. Each hardware connected to the system must have their own Device Driver installed. A device driver is a program to initiate a hardware when required by Operating System.

Suppose, you want your PC to connect to the Network, it can only be possible when your PC has network related Device Driver. These Device Drivers are easily downloaded from Manufacturer Websites. In this article we focus on Network related problem. Suppose, your PC not obtaining Network connectivity. And each time you are getting an error message saying "Windows could not find a d…