Linux Operating System on Computer System
The Linux Operating System is an Open source OS which is freely distributed, Cross Platform Operating System based on UNIX Platform. This OS is installed on Personal Computer, Laptops, Mobile, tablet devices, Servers, Video game Console and others. This Operating System is written and programmed in C and assembly Language. Linux Operating system was firstly released on 17 September 1991 by Linus Torvalds. The Linux Operating System was released in the market targeting on personal Computers, mobile devices, embedded devices, Servers, Mainframes, Supercomputers. The Linux Operating System is available in Multilingual (Multi- Language).The Official Mascot of Linus is Tux – the penguin. Linux also runs on embedded systems whose operating system is typically built into the firmware. This includes DVR devices, Network Routers, facility automation controls, televisions, video game consoles and smart watches. Linux Operating System on Computer System is continued..
Dependent Platform for Linux OS
Alpha, ARC, ARM, AVR32, Blackfin, C6x, ETRAX CRIS, FR-V, H8/300, Hexagon, Itanium, M32R, m68k, META, Microblaze, MIPS, MN103, Nios II, OpenRISC, PA-RISC, PowerPC, s390 and many others.
Characteristics of Linux Operating Systems
Linux was initially developed for PCs based on the Intel x86 architecture, but look for more platforms due to dominance of Android on Smartphone. The Linux OS has the largest installed base from all general-purpose operating systems. Linux is also the leading Successful and commendable operating system on servers and mainframe computers. The main component which Linux OS embed is Linux Kernal which was released on 17th September 1991. The Linux Kernal – an operating system kernel was given by Linus Torvalds.
Linux Operating System Components
- The Bootloader – The software that manages the booting process of a computer.
- The Kernal – The kernel is the core of the operating system and manages the CPU, memory, peripheral devices and others. The kernel is also called as the “lowest” level of the Linux OS.
- Daemons – This is the programming thread which runs on background either during booting or after we log on to the desktop.
- The Shell – a command process that allows you to control the computer via commands typed into a text interface.
- Graphical Server – It is responsible for displaying graphics on monitor.
- Desktop Environment – There are many desktop environment which is embedded on Linux like Unity, GNOME, Cinnamon, Enlightenment, KDE, XFCE). Each of this environment contains many built in applications like File Manager, Configuration tools, Web Browsers and others.
- Applications – The Linux Operating System Offers thousands of high quality software that can be easily found and installed in centralised locations.
Linux Operating System on Computer System is continued..
Some of the Important Linux Commands
- Is Command – also called the list command – To show all major directories filed under a given file system. For example Is/ applications – will show the user list of all folders stored in applications folder.
- Cd Command – also known as Change directory – This command will allow the user to change between file directories.
- Mv Command – also known as move command – allows a user to move a file to another folder or directory.
- Man Command – also known as manual command – is used to show the manual of the inputted command.
- Mkdir Command – also known as make directory – command allows the user to make a new directory. Example – mkdir computergk – to make computergk named directory.
- Rmdir Command – also known as remove directory command – This command allows the user to remove an existing command using the Linux CLI. Example – rmdir computergk – to remove computergk directory
- Touch command – also known as make file command – allows users to make file using the Linux CLI.
- Rm Command – also known as remove command – Just like the rmdir command is meant to remove files from your Linux OS. Whereas the rmdir command will remove directories and files held within, the rm command will delete created files.
- Locate command – also known as find command – this command is meant to find a file within the Linux Operating system.
Clear Command – also known as clear or delete command – To clear the specified readouts and information.
This all about Linux Operating System on Computer System, in next topic we will discuss regarding other operating system.